Benjamin Brast


"Monopolizing the use of force in liberal state building interventions" (Working Title)

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The number of military interventions in developing states has dramatically increased after the end of the Cold War. A now familiar pattern evolved: External actors intervene in a society for a variety of reasons, from ending civil war to overthrowing a dictator. In order to stabilize that society and create lasting peace, a certain package of strategies is applied. One major goal is the establishment of a liberal democratic state which provides its citizens with access to free markets and the rule of law. In order to achieve these ambitious goals, creating security is an essential first step.

This dissertation focuses on a core feature of statehood: The monopoly on the use of force. It tries to explain why liberal state-building interventions often fail to establish a monopoly of coercive means, while in some cases they succeed. Against the backdrop of state formation theories, the study looks for monopolization patterns within and across the cases of Afghanistan, Bosnia and Sierra Leone.


Prof. Dr. Klaus Schlichte, University of Bremen
Prof. Dr. Peter Mayer, University of Bremen
Prof. Christoph Zuercher, Ph.D, University of Ottawa